“Indian Navy – Combat Ready, Credible and Cohesive”
The quote above is the theme of Indian Navy Day 2021, which is being celebrated across India on 04 December 2021.
Navy Day is observed with the purpose of celebrating the magnificent achievements of the Indian Navy, as well as celebrating the immensely-important role played in maintaining peace for the country on the maritime front.
The marine branch of India’s armed forces, Navy, is led by the Indian President, who plays the role of the Commander-in-Chief. Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle is regarded as the originator of the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy plays a major role in making sure that our marine borders are properly safeguarded. It also improves India’s foreign relations by way of seaport visits, humanitarian missions, joint exercises, calamity relief programmes, and the like. It has four bases in Vizag, Kochi, Mumbai, and Chennai. There is also a naval base in Karwar that is around 100 km from Goa.
Why is Navy Day celebrated?
The festival is celebrated in order to commemorate the daredevil attack, known as Operation Trident, which the Indian Navy pulled off at the Pakistani naval base in Karachi — during the Indo-Pakistan War — on December 4, 1971. The attack was launched by three Vidyut class missile boats (INS Nipat, INS Veer and INS Nirghat), a tanker, and a couple of anti-submarines; and it was successful in bringing about major damage to the Pakistani Navy by sinking a minesweeper, ammunition supply ship and destroyer.
The Indians did not suffer any casualties but five Pakistani soldiers were injured, along with 700 other people. The operation was carried out at night since the Pakistani warcraft did not possess night-bombing capacities. Incidentally, this was also the first time that anti-ship missiles were used in the region. It is also regarded as the most successful attack by the Indian Navy.
In 1971, during the India-Pakistan war, Pakistan launched an offensive on Indian airbases on the evening of December 3. India, in response to their attack, dispatched 3 missile boats towards Karachi at maximum speed, Nirghat, Veer and Nipat. During Operation Trident, the Indian Navy sank 4 Pakistani vessels including PNS Khaibar, killing hundreds of Pakistani Navy personnel. Those killed during the Indo-Pakistan War are also remembered.
The Navy plans to celebrate 2021 as ‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’ as a part of commemorating the 50th anniversary of the victory in the 1971 war. The Indian Navy was established by the East India Company in 1612. Later it was named as Royal India Navy and post-Independence, it was reconstituted as the Indian Navy in 1950.
Post the devastating war against Pakistan, the whole country celebrated the success of the Indian Navy. It is also important to educate children and the citizens of India about the significance and the victory of India. Several events like Marathons, Interschool Quiz Competition, Air displays and tattoo ceremonies take place on this day. Netizens also take it to social media to share quotes on Navy Day.
As per report in newspaper “The Hindu” many events have been planned by Southern Naval Command, details are as follows:
The SNC has planned various events, including an operational demonstration by Naval ships and aircraft in the Ernakulam channel, a music concert/philharmonic orchestra by the Navy Band at the Naval Base, outreach to Veer Naris and veterans, military photo exhibition, medical camps, environment protection and awareness camp, services to orphanages and old age homes, and inter-school quiz competition, Navy sources said.
The Naval Symphonic Band concert will be held at Santa Cruz ground in Fort Kochi on November 25. Likewise, a military photo exhibition is scheduled at the Lulu Mall from November 27-28, by INS Garuda. Here, photographs taken by journalists from all over the country will be displayed.
A special musical concert and philharmonic orchestra will be presented by the Navy Band at Sagarika Auditorium, Naval Base, for restricted audience on December 3. Governor Arif Muhammed Khan will be the chief guest.
A naval operations demonstration will be held in the evening of December 4, off Rajendra Maidan, and will showcase Indian Navy Ships steaming past in the channel, aircraft operations and marine commandos’ action. Several other synchronized drills and movements will also be displayed by Naval personnel. This will be followed by Beating Retreat ceremony by the Naval Band. An inter-school quiz competition will be conducted on January 29 at the Naval Base.